CMOS and beyond CMOS
Discover why imec is the premier nanoelectronics R&D center in the development of industry-relevant solutions for advanced logic & memory devices.
Connected health solutions
Explore the technologies that will power tomorrow’s wearable, implantable, ingestible and non-contact devices.
Life sciences
As a pioneer in nanoelectronics, imec brings the power of chip technology to the world of healthcare.
Sensor solutions for IoT
Imec develops innovative solutions for sensor networks, high speed networks and sensor technologies for the Internet of Things.
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence is no longer the stuff of science fiction: its technologies are ready and its possibilities are real. It’s time to explore them, and imec is ready to help you.
More expertises
Discover all our expertises.
Research
Be the first to reap the benefits of imec’s research by joining one of our programs or starting an exclusive bilateral collaboration.
Development
Build on our expertise for the design, prototyping and low-volume manufacturing of your innovative nanotech components and products.
Solutions
Use one of imec’s mature technologies for groundbreaking applications across a multitude of industries such as healthcare, agriculture and Industry 4.0.
Venturing and startups
Kick-start your business.Launch or expand your tech company by drawing on the funds and knowhow of imec’s ecosystem of tailored venturing support.
/Job opportunities/Advanced approaches to tunnel-oxide passivating contact development for high-efficiency silicon solar cells

Advanced approaches to tunnel-oxide passivating contact development for high-efficiency silicon solar cells

Master projects/internships - Leuven | More than two weeks ago

Make and test your own silicon solar cells

The photovoltaic (PV) industry at present is dominated by the p-PERC silicon solar cell technology, which has an average efficiency of 22 % in production. The efficiency of today’s PERC technology is inherently limited by carrier recombination at the metal-semiconductor contacts. Advanced contacting approaches have to be adopted to enable further efficiency increases in silicon solar cells. This is achievable by applying the so-called carrier-selective passivating contacts to silicon solar cells. Already a few different schemes for this type of contact exist.
This internship/Master thesis work would focus on the n+ poly-silicon/SiO2 type of passivating contact, which could eventually enable solar cells with efficiencies above 24 %. The poly-Si, which needs to be compatible with screen-printing (an industrial metallization technology), and thus, at least 80 nm to 100 nm thick, is to be developed by solid-phase crystallization (SPC) of amorphous Si (a-Si) grown using plasma-enhanced chemical vapour deposition (PECVD). However, SPC of a-Si thin films above 20 nm is challenging because they may blister during deposition or crystallisation. To this end, techniques like alloying the a-Si film with C or O will be explored for fabricating thick, blister-resistant PECVD Si films and eventually blister-free n+ poly-silicon films. Such alloying could also offer the added advantage of minimizing parasitic optical absorption in the poly-Si layer by widening the bandgap of the alloyed poly-silicon. A multitude of techniques are available to characterize solar cell test structures and material properties. Some of the main characterization methods applicable to this work are spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE), elastic recoil detection (ERD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy (RS), photo-conductance decay (PCD) measurement, secondary-ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) and transfer-length measurement (TLM). The larger goal of this work is to develop a blister-free, screen-printing compatible n+ poly-Si/SiO2 contact having state-of-the-art passivation and contact resistance.

Type of project: Internship

Duration: 9 months

Master's degree: Master of Engineering Science; Master of Engineering Technology; Master of Science 

Master program: Energy 

Supervising scientist: For further information or for application, please contact Rajiv Sharma (Rajiv.Sharma @imec.be).