In 2035, the world will be on an accelerated path to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and eventually become carbon neutral by 2050. By then, electricity from renewable sources will be headed to become a major source of energy for power generation and transport in many parts of the world. According to imec, this will call for a sustained technology improvement and a much-accelerated deployment from where we are today. Bart Onsia, expert and business development manager at imec and EnergyVille, talks about the outlook for solar energy generation and storage.
In the years up to 2035, the residential and industrial demand for electricity will keep on growing, especially if heating with gas and oil is phased out and replaced by electricity. In addition, in countries like Belgium, nuclear energy plants will no longer be part of the energy mix. Wind and solar energy will have to fill a large share of the gap. According to recent studies, there is enough potential to do so. But to make this reality, wind and solar energy generation will have to grow tremendously, on an accelerated path from where we are today. In tandem, the usage efficiency of electricity will be improved, with buildings insulated to be energy-neutral, heating provided by heat pumps and heating grids, building-integrated photovoltaics, smarter micro- and nanogrids running on DC, and mass energy storage.